Bhaktapur, also known as Bhatgaon, is one of the three ancient cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. It is located about 13 kilometers east of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Bhaktapur is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its well-preserved medieval architecture and culture.
History of Bhaktapur
The history of Bhaktapur can be traced back to the 9th century AD. The city was founded by King Ananda Malla and served as the capital of Nepal during the first half of the Malla dynasty. The Malla dynasty was a golden period for Bhaktapur, and the city became a wealthy and powerful Newar kingdom.
In 1769, Bhaktapur was attacked and annexed by the expanding Gorkha Kingdom (which later became the Kingdom of Nepal). After that, Bhaktapur declined in importance, but it remained a cultural and religious center.
Today, Bhaktapur is a popular tourist destination. The city is known for its well-preserved medieval architecture, including palaces, temples, courtyards, and narrow streets. Bhaktapur is also known for its traditional crafts, such as pottery, weaving, and metalworking.
Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Bhaktapur include:
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square: This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to many important temples and palaces, such as the Palace of 55 Windows and the Nyatapola Temple.
- Taumadhi Square: This is another popular tourist square in Bhaktapur and is home to the Dattatreya Temple and the Bhairav Temple.
- Pottery Square: This is a square where potters have been selling their wares for centuries. Visitors can watch the potters at work and buy traditional Nepali pottery.
- Dattatraya Square: This square is home to the Dattatreya Temple, which is one of the most important Hindu temples in Bhaktapur.
Bhaktapur is a fascinating city with a rich history and culture. It is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Nepal's history and culture.